WORKING PACKAGE 2
Tracing the social-ecological history of the landscape:
A historical analysis of productive systems, ecological disturbances and governance dynamics
The study of social-ecological rural-urban watersheds needs to be, first of all, approached from a historical perspective in order to understand the economic process of regional integration, what policies and governance institutions have shaped the territory and the main ecological disturbances that shaped their development. This working package will identify convergent and divergent changes in what have been the main productive systems, how forests have been integrated or disaggregated from productive landscapes, the investment in hydraulic facilities, the expansion of urban centers and the type and mix of conservation and development policies that have come into action.
In particular, WP2 will consist on:
Description of the process of regional integration (evolution of land uses and productive systems) and main ecological disturbances:
First, we will perform a bibliographic review of the main phases in the expansion of the agricultural frontier, and the evolution of productive systems and agricultural management practices. Main ecological disturbances will be identified and described, such as e.g. arrival of pests, large fires, droughts, building of dams.
The review will be enriched using a socio-economic approach based on semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders from the productive and forest conservation sectors at regional and national levels.
Chronology and mapping of conservation and development policies:
A bibliographic review will be performed to understand what policies were put in place in the studied landscapes. These policies include green markets, integrated conservation and development projects, protected areas, agri-environmental measures etc.
This review will be completed through interviews with local and national experts that have been involved in the implementation and study of forest conservation and development policies in the area.
Analysis of governance dynamics and mapping of institutions (cooperatives, farmers’ associations, environmental associations, consumer groups):
Tasks 1 and 2 will be completed with a sociological and institutional economics analysis specifically targeting the evolution of governance institutions in terms of cooperatives, association of farmers, researchers, technical intermediaries, community based management institutions.
The qualitative information will mapped so to locate of the different types of institutions,. in a flow diagram showing the multi-layered governance structure of the landscape in order to explore the evolution of networks between organisations (polycentric vs monocentric governance) as a measure of social capital at the SES level.